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Obsidian chip. outer face with rough edges.  Second image is trimmed.
Edge ground down a little, for tool grip and strengthening edge for pressure.  Next image is first pass of pressure flakes along edge.
Midway through first pass of pressure flakes on second edge.   Next is first pressure flakes on all sides.
Other surface of point.  Eventual tip of arrowhead to the right.  Second side flaking begins.
Edge prepared for pressure flaking on second face.  Next image second pass of flaking on first side.
The obsidian piece or chip.  The outer face has ridges and rough
edges.  The second image shows the trimmed chip.  We remove
the thin and irregular edges by shearing pressure with the side
edge of our flaking tool.
The edge of the chip is ground down a little to afford a better
grip for the flaking tool and to strengthen the edge to allow
pressure without crushing.  Second image shows the first pass of
pressure flakes along the ground edge, starting at the tip end.
Midway through the first pass of pressure flakes along the
second edge, working from the tip toward the base.  Second
image shows the complete first pass of flakes all around, with
the base of the point at the bottom of the photograph.
Underside of the piece.  After trimming the edge a little more,
and grinding the edge for control, we see the first series of
pressure flakes on the second side, in the second image here.
After the second side is pressure flaked, edge is trimmed for
additional thinning of first side.  Second image shows the
completed flaking on the first side, prior to notching.
Copyright 2009, all rights reserved.
F. Scott Crawford
Carrollton, Texas
Welcome to  At this new web site we will explore the creation of stone arrowheads.
Our initial focus is on an intriguing arrowhead style made in the Pacific Northwest of the United States.  It is
called the Gunther point.  This arrowhead style is famous for its dramatic, sweeping, wing-like, barbed design.  
Some varieties also feature wicked looking serrated edges.  In either variation, this point is both delicate and
deadly.  It is a favorite of collectors of authentic arrowheads, and it is a favorite and challenging style to work
on for modern "flint knappers".  Our objective is to review and show an interpretation of how the Gunther
style arrowheads could have been made in the past and how you can make this arrowhead today.